By comparison, the indigenous peoples of Canada are generally known as First Nations.It is not definitively known how or when the Native Americans first settled the Americas and the present-day United States.While technically referring to the era before Christopher Columbus' voyages of 1492 to 1504, in practice the term usually includes the history of American indigenous cultures until they were conquered or significantly influenced by Europeans, even if this happened decades or even centuries after Columbus' initial landing.
Native Americans were greatly affected by the European colonization of the Americas, which began in 1492, and their population declined precipitously due to introduced diseases, warfare, and slavery.
After the founding of the United States, many Native American peoples were subjected to warfare, removals, and one-sided treaties, and they continue to suffer from discriminatory government policies today.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the U.
Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population, cultural, and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange.
As most Native American groups had historically preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, the first written sources of the conflict were written by Europeans.The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe.Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different.At the time of the first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and mostly Christian immigrants.Some Northeastern and Southwestern cultures, in particular, were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than the Europeans were familiar with.The Clovis culture, a megafauna hunting culture, is primarily identified by the use of fluted spear points.