East Indians and Chinese were recruited between the 1850s and the 1880s to fill the labor gap left by ex-slaves and to keep plantation wages low.As soon as the Chinese finished their indentured contracts, they established small businesses.
This is followed by a light meal of bread, fried plantains, or fried dumplings and a hot drink early in the evening.
A more rigid work schedule has forced changes, and now the main meal is taken in the evening. Along with "ground provisions" such as sweet potato, yam, and green plantains, it is used in African and East Indian ceremonies.
Traces of pre-Columbian can be seen in the use of palm fronds thatch and mud walls (daub).
Styles, materials, size, and furnishings differ more by class than by ethnicity.
In 1872, Kingston, with a quarter of the population, became the capital. The population is 90 percent black, 1 percent East Indian, and 7 percent mixed, with a few whites and Chinese.
The black demographic category includes the descendants of African slaves, postslavery indentured laborers, and people of mixed ancestry.
The struggle for sovereignty culminated with the gaining of independence on 6 August 1962. Class, color, and ethnicity are factors in the national identity.
Jamaican Creole, or Jamaica Talk, is a multiethnic, multiclass indigenous creation and serves as a symbol of defiance of European cultural authority.
The East Indians and Chinese arrived as indentured laborers. The official language is English, reflecting the British colonial heritage, but even in official contexts a number of creole dialects that reflect class, place, and social context are spoken. The national motto, which was adopted after independence from Great Britain in 1962, is "Out of many, one people." In the national flag, the two black triangles represent historical struggles and hardship, green triangles represent agricultural wealth and hope, and yellow cross-stripes represent sunshine and mineral resources. Jamaica was a Spanish colony from 1494 to 1655 and a British colony from 1655 to 1962.
The colonial period was marked by conflict between white absentee owners and local managers and merchants and African slave laborers.
The kitchen, washroom, and "servant" quarters were located separately or at the back of the main building.