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One difference: in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke Jesus uses parables or stories as a main form of teaching.
In John’s gospel he tells NO parables, and speaks in a poetic style very different from his “voice” in the synoptic gospels.
This theory (the Farrer theory) dispenses with the need to posit a hypothetical document, Q, to explain the extensive verbatim agreement between Matthew and Luke that is not mediated by Mark.
This is the thesis of my (see also the Case Against Q website).
What will be of interest next will be to explore the still more vexed questions of the relationships between the Synoptics, John and Thomas.
We find contemporary “scholarship” on this subject fanciful, unnecessarily complex, detached from known facts and tradition, and unrealistic in terms of how human affairs are actually conducted. Another difference: in Matthew, Mark and Luke, the central moment of Jesus’ “last supper” comes when he takes bread and wine and says “This is my body, this is my blood.” This event isn’t even mentioned in the gospel of John, which instead speaks of Jesus’ washing his disciples’ feet as the significant moment of this final meal.John’s gospel is not so much interested in exactly what happened but in the MEANING of what happened.This enables John to make the theological and spiritual point that Jesus, the true “Lamb of God,” dies at the exact hour that the lambs that will be used for the Passover meals are being sacrificed in the Temple.Some Scripture scholars have tried to reconcile this difference by pointing out that some groups of Jews in Jesus’ time, such as the Essenes, celebrated the Passover on a slightly different date–just as some Eastern Christians today celebrate Christmas on January 6 while Western Christians observe the feast on December 25.John’s gospel is different in many respects from Matthew, Mark and Luke, which are called “synoptic gospels” because they share so much in common.