Prostitution in the Czech Republic is legal, but organized prostitution (brothels, prostitution rings, pimping, etc.) is prohibited.Ever since the Czechoslovak Velvet Revolution (1989) led to the creation of the two independent states Czech Republic and Slovakia, prostitution has been flourishing and has contributed its share to the region's booming tourist economy.While no government officials were indicted or convicted for complicity in trafficking, allegations continued about the involvement of individual border police officers facilitating illegal border crossings.
Amendments to the Czech Penal Code went into effect in November 2004, making all forms of trafficking illegal, including labor exploitation and internal trafficking.
Maximum trafficking penalties were increased from 12 to 15 years, with a minimum penalty of two years.
In 2004, Czech authorities investigated 30 individuals and prosecuted 19 under the trafficking statutes.
The courts convicted 12 traffickers under those statutes, an increase from five in 2003.
According to the Czech Ministry of the Interior, there are over 860 brothels in the Czech Republic, of which 200 are in Prague.
Most of the country's prostitution centers in the Northern Bohemia and Western Bohemia regions and in the capital city.
Ethnic Roma women are at the highest risk for internal trafficking, and almost always are trafficked by a relative or someone known to them previously.
There have recently been unconfirmed reports of Roma children as young as 13 who have either sold themselves or been sold by others for acts of prostitution in Brno, the second largest city in the Czech Republic, where drug abuse among Roma teenagers is alarming prevalent.
Brothels line the country's roads to Austria and Germany, the source of many customers.