Upon examination, it appears that Zonaras derived his new rule from a misconstrual of Apostolic Canon 7, which reads as follows: “If any Bishop, or Presbyter, or Deacon celebrate the holy day of Easter before the vernal equinox with the Jews, let him be deposed.” Zonaras found two prohibitions in this one statement: first, that Pascha must be celebrated after the vernal equinox; and second, that Pascha must never coincide with the Jewish feast of Passover.Although Zonaras’ second prohibition has no foundation in the 4th century historical context, or in the grammatical meaning of the sentence, it resembles the fourth (implicit) Nicene principle closely enough to be confused with it.
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The gap is currently 13 days and will increase to 14 in 2100.
As a result, Orthodox churches that still follow the Julian calendar to determine the Paschal equinox and subsequent full moon usually celebrate Pascha one to five weeks after Western Christians, although the Western and Eastern dates occasionally coincide.
The Synoptic Gospels report that on the eve of his death Christ celebrated a Passover meal with his Apostles.
He was crucified the next day (Friday), buried quickly before the sundown start of the Sabbath (Saturday), and rose on the third day (Sunday) – making Easter the first Sunday after the Passover, which is determined by the first full moon after the vernal equinox.
(And certainly, there is a whole lot of theological and historical linkage between the two feasts.
But that’s not what this post is about.) If you need the answer to the question, “Why is Orthodox Easter on a different date from Catholic and Protestant Easter?
(See this list of dates to check for yourself.) Now, you might say that Pascha only has to follow the first day of Passover.
Okay, but what about 2002, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2018, 2019, 20? Well, those are all recent and upcoming years in which Western Easter follows the first day of Passover and yet the Orthodox Pascha is still at least a week later.
We are convinced that the time is at hand for a permanent resolution of this issue."The theologians and church officials in the North American consultation repeated their 1998 call for Catholic, Orthodox and other Christian churches to adopt the principles for a common Easter date set out by the 1997 Aleppo Statement -- a widely endorsed consultation of Orthodox and Western Christians in Aleppo, Syria, that sought to find a definitive solution to the centuries-old divergence among Christians over a common date for Easter.
The North American consultation's statement is titled, "Celebrating Easter/Pascha Together." Pascha (found in other Latin-or Greek-based English phrases like the Paschal Lamb or the Paschal mystery) is the common term used in the Orthodox churches to refer to Easter, deriving from translations of the Hebrew "Pesach," or Passover feast.
The Julian, and later the Gregorian, solar calendars have come to be widely accepted globally as civilian solar calendars.