The Norse colonies disappeared in the late 15th century when Norway was hit by the Black Death and entered a severe decline.Soon after their demise, beginning in 1499, the Portuguese briefly explored and claimed the island, naming it Terra do Lavrador (later applied to Labrador in Canada).The Dorset culture was the first culture to extend throughout the Greenlandic coastal areas, both on the west and east coasts.
In 1973, Greenland joined the European Economic Community with Denmark.
However, in a referendum in 1982, a majority of the population voted for Greenland to withdraw from the EEC, which was effected in 1985.
At 70%, Greenland has one of the highest shares of renewable energy in the world, mostly coming from hydropower.
The early Viking settlers named the island as Greenland.
Green: Dorset Culture; blue: Thule Culture; red: Norse Culture; yellow: Innu; orange: Beothuk.
In prehistoric times, Greenland was home to several successive Paleo-Eskimo cultures known today primarily through archaeological finds.
In the Icelandic sagas, the Norwegian-born Icelander Erik the Red was said to be exiled from Iceland for manslaughter.
Along with his extended family and his thralls (i.e.
In the early 18th century, Scandinavian explorers reached Greenland again.